Water Conservation practices in Canada
Today I bring a brief review on the report published by the Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment (CCME) and the Water Conservation and Economics Task Group (WCETG), with the intention to keep in mind some of the water conservation strategies we can employ to ensure a long-term sustainability of communities and protection of the environment, as well as an efficient use of water.
At fist sight Canada seems to have sufficient water resources because its renewable supplies are higher than the water-use demand; but let’s also considerate other important points like: water availability, the ecological impact an extraction of water can cause, as well as, the economic impact and costs related to non-efficient systems or less productive uses of water.
Right now, some of the problems Canada faces are that 60% of water resources flow north, when 85% of the population are located near the border; crop and livestock depend on water diversions and storages, and of course, non-productive uses of water.
To easy understand how the following water strategies are though to be implement they are presented by sector.
The Municipal government has a responsibility to make its users aware of their demand of water; improve the distribution based on cost and equity; minimize system uses; make mandatory the use of efficient plumbing fixtures and replacements.
In this sector issues like production concentrations on a specific area, intensive water demands and constant grow in production must require demand management. Demand management will keep to a minimum water loss in conveyance systems, coordinate irrigation schedules, apply technologies efficiently and determining the economic feasibility of irrigating certain crops.
Public pressure has changed how some controversial industries manage their water resources. Industries are encouraged to follow and improve other companies’ responsible method of water management.
Federal and provincial government should promote water conservation and water-use efficiency as components of sustainable development, integrate the use of regulatory and non-regulatory tools for managing water use; set water conservation and water-use efficiency targets; support urban development standards and practices that encourage attenuation of storm water runoff, and much more.
What are the benefits of following these guidelines? We can take care of our aquatic ecosystems; spread water availability for future generations, increase the number of water users, enhance the quality of living, and much more.
If you want to read further about the topic, here’s the link to the article:
Elizabeth De Leon Gonzalez